A second fault line running parallel to San Andreas has just been identified

October 2016CALIFORNIA Just days after a cluster of more than 200 small earthquakes shook the Salton Sea area of Southern California, scientists have found evidence of a second fault line that runs parallel to the massive San Andreas Fault – one of the state’s most dangerous fault lines. The new fault appears to run right through the 56-km-long Salton Sea in the Colorado Desert, to the west of the San Andreas Fault. Now that we know it’s there, seismologists will be forced to reassess earthquake risk models for the greater Los Angeles area.
“This previously unidentified fault represents a new hazard to the region and holds significant implications for fault models … and, consequently, models of ground-motion prediction and southern San Andreas Fault rupture scenarios,” the team from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and the Nevada Seismological Laboratory reports. Now known as the Salton Trough Fault, the newly mapped fault has been hidden for all this time because it’s submerged beneath the Salton Sea – a vast, salty rift lake that formed as a result of all the tectonic activity in the area.
The team had to use an array of instruments, including multi-channel seismic data, ocean-bottom seismometers, and a surveying method called light detection and ranging (LiDAR), to precisely map fault inside several sediment layers both in and surrounding the lakebed. “The location of the fault in the eastern Salton Sea has made imaging it difficult, and there is no associated small seismic events, which is why the fault was not detected earlier,” says Scripps geologist Neal Driscoll.


Oddly enough, the fact that we now know there’s an extra fault line running parallel to the San Andreas Fault doesn’t necessarily mean the area is more prone to earthquakes than we originally thought. It might actually solve the mystery of why the region has been experiencing LESS earthquakes than expected. As the team explains, recent research has revealed that the region has experienced magnitude-7 earthquakes roughly every 175 to 200 years for the last 1,000 years. But that’s not been the case more recently. In fact, a major rupture on the southern portion of the San Andreas Fault has not occurred in the last 300 years, and researchers think the region is long overdue for a major quake.
Now they have to figure out what role the Salton Trough Fault could have played in all that. “The extended nature of time since the most recent earthquake on the Southern San Andreas has been puzzling to the earth sciences community,” said one of the Nevada team, seismologist Graham Kent. “Based on the deformation patterns, this new fault has accommodated some of the strain from the larger San Andreas system, so without having a record of past earthquakes from this new fault, it’s really difficult to determine whether this fault interacts with the southern San Andreas Fault at depth or in time.” Of course, for those living in the area, it’s cold comfort, because the southern San Andreas Fault is still “locked, loaded, and ready to go.” Let’s hope the discovery of the Salton Trough Fault will make it easier for seismologists to at least predict when that will happen.  –Science Alert

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3 Responses to A second fault line running parallel to San Andreas has just been identified

  1. Yellow Bird says:

    they have been draining the deep waters from under the desert floor for decades in order to make Palm Springs a luxurious green oasis in the desert. over 10 years ago it was announced that the Palm Desert basin was sinking. that is only one hour north up the fault from Salton Sea… not a very great distance, geologically


  2. David says:

    « 62 † Now, the last few days, the great roaring and popping. Then, here come out a paper of science, said, “It’s all honeycombed, it’s got to go under.” They just know it.
    63 And you watch, the water will come plumb back into the Salton Sea. Los Angeles is doomed for judgment. I tell you before it happens, that you might know when it does happen. I never spoke that by myself. And I’ve never had Him to tell me one thing but what happened. And you can bear record of that. That’s right. When? I don’t know.


  3. Denise says:

    Reblogged this on The World According To Ms Hyde and commented:
    With LA sitting on the mother of all faults, the stress on the fault isn’t good for anyone in California. We grew up knowing we lived in quake country, and have at one point in our lives experienced a moderate to large quake. It’s a matter of time before we get hit with a quake that measured over 9 on the richter scale.


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