June 2015 – INDONESIA – More than 10,000 villagers have fled a rumbling volcano in western Indonesia this month, most in recent days after a series of violent eruptions, an official said on Tuesday. Authorities raised the alert status of Mount Sinabung, on Sumatra Island, to the highest level at the start of June after detecting a sharp increase in activity. The volcano, which came back to life two years ago after a period of inactivity, erupted violently at the weekend, spewing hot ash and rocks high into the air.
Sinabung – which killed 16 people in a fierce eruption last year – was continuing to belch out a thick plume of smoke high into the sky on Tuesday, covering homes far away with a coating of ash. About 7500 residents have been evacuated from their villages following the weekend eruptions, disaster agency official Tri Budiarto told AFP. They “left their homes on motorcycles, in cars and on military trucks. They were from six villages located in the danger zone south and southeast of the volcano,” he said.
Several thousand people fled their homes at the start of the month when the alert status was lifted, and the total number of evacuees now stands at 10,714, said the disaster agency. The evacuees are sheltering in government buildings and places of worship in Kabanjahe town, about 10 kilometers from Sinabung. Volcanic activity remained high on Tuesday, with Sinabung spewing out rocks and hot gas over a distance of three kilometers four times since early morning, said Armen Putra, head of the volcano observation post. “We could still feel tremors. Ash one to two millimeters thick covered roads and homes located 15 kilometers away,” he said.
“It could take weeks before it eases, but for now, it is dangerous for people living nearby so we have recommended for them to evacuate.” After Sinabung rumbled back to life in 2013, more than 10,000 people fled from nearby villages. Some have returned home but more than 6000 of the original evacuees are still living in shelters. The volcano has also had a devastating economic impact, with the disaster agency estimating it caused more than $100 million in damage last year and in 2013 in a broad range of areas, including infrastructure, farming and tourism. This stratovolcano is found on the Karo Plateau of North Sumatra, just 25 miles from the Lake Toba supervolcano. Mount Sinabung was dormant for 400 years before it came back to life in 2010, with periodic eruptions since then. Sinabung is one of 129 active volcanoes in Indonesia, which sits on the Pacific Ring of Fire, a belt of seismic activity running around the basin of the Pacific Ocean. –SMH