U.S. scientists celebrate the restart of the Large Hadron Collider

 CERN TEP
April 2015SCIENCE AND TECHEarlier today, the world’s most powerful particle accelerator began its second act. After two years of upgrades and repairs, proton beams once again circulated around the Large Hadron Collider, located at the CERN laboratory near Geneva, Switzerland. With the collider back in action, the more than 1,700 U.S. scientists who work on LHC experiments are prepared to join thousands of their international colleagues to study the highest-energy particle collisions ever achieved in the laboratory. These collisions – hundreds of millions of them every second – will lead scientists to new and unexplored realms of physics, and could yield extraordinary insights into the nature of the physical universe. A highlight of the LHC’s first run, which began in 2009, was the discovery of the Higgs boson, the last in the suite of elementary particles that make up scientists’ best picture of the universe and how it works. The discovery of the Higgs was announced in July 2012 by two experimental collaborations, ATLAS and CMS. Continuing to measure the properties of the Higgs will be a major focus of LHC Run 2.
“The Higgs discovery was one of the most important scientific achievements of our time,” said James Siegrist, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Associate Director of Science for High Energy Physics. “With the LHC operational again, at even higher energies, the possibilities for new discoveries are endless, and the United States will be at the forefront of those discoveries.” During the LHC’s second run, particles will collide at a staggering 13 teraelectronvolts (TeV), which is 60 percent higher than any accelerator has achieved before. The LHC’s four major particle detectors – ATLAS, CMS, ALICE and LHCb – will collect and analyze data from these collisions, allowing them to probe new areas of research that were previously unattainable. At 17 miles around, the Large Hadron Collider is one of the largest machines ever built. The United States played a vital role in the construction of the LHC and the huge and intricate detectors for its experiments.
TEP PortalSeven U.S. Department of Energy national laboratories joined roughly 90 U.S. universities to build key components of the accelerator, detectors and computing infrastructure, with funding from the DOE Office of Science and the National Science Foundation. The U.S. contingent was part of an estimated 10,000 people from 113 different countries who helped to design, build, and upgrade the LHC accelerator and its four particle detectors. “We are on the threshold of an exciting time in particle physics: the LHC will turn on with the highest energy beam ever achieved,” said Fleming Crim, National Science Foundation Assistant Director for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. “This energy regime will open the door to new discoveries about our universe that were impossible as recently as two years ago.” In addition to the scientists pushing toward new discoveries on the four main experiments, the U.S. provides a significant portion of the computing and data analysis – roughly 23 percent for ATLAS and 33 percent for CMS. U.S. scientists on the ALICE experiment developed control and tracking systems for the detector and made significant contributions in software, hardware and computing support. US scientists also helped improve trigger software for data analysis for the LHCb experiment.
U.S. institutions will continue to make important contributions to the LHC and its experiments, even beyond the second run, which is scheduled to continue through the middle of 2018. Universities and national laboratories are developing new accelerator and detector technology for future upgrades of the LHC and its experiments. This ongoing work encourages a strong partnership between science and industry, and drives technological innovation in the United States. “Operating accelerators for the benefit of the physics community is what CERN’s here for,” said CERN Director General Rolf Heuer. “Today, CERN’s heart beats once more to the rhythm of the LHC.” –Physics
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13 Responses to U.S. scientists celebrate the restart of the Large Hadron Collider

  1. Irene C says:

    My thoughts on the Hadron Collider are mixed. Being the geek that I am, the scientific knowledge they are acquiring is fascinating, even if a lot of it is over my head. On the other hand, I’m not sure if I”m comfortable with humans playing with toys (albeit large, expensive ones) that they’re not sure they understand. It’s the old “just because they can, does that mean they should” syndrome.

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  2. Bill Harris says:

    Does this thing have an over ride button, in case it goes ballistic?

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    • TakeHeed says:

      There is no override button. It takes months to get the particles up to speed and months to bring the Bottomless Pit Machine to a stop.

      Anything bad happens I guess the plan is to RUN!

      If that would even be possible.

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  3. davidh7426 says:

    I see they’ve switched the ‘Death Star’ back on… What do these guys wear at Halloween, Darth Vader costumes😦

    Liked by 1 person

  4. Living Witness Today says:

    If things go wrong here – I do believe it’s well beyond ballistic issues

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  5. John says:

    Its like playing with fire in a drought.

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  6. pac says:

    Maybe that’s why I’ve had a headache since last night. (Tongue in cheek.) It’s difficult for me to believe how many different groups and institutions co-operated on this mega-project. I will be waiting to see how far they get this time before another glitch occurs.

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  7. Because of the usefulness of our discussion must, above all, to ask: Does anyone over the scientists working on this task, if you are reading these comments ?. If you do not read, it is a complete failure leaving opportunities for discussion “in the wind”. This massive engagement of science, to explore something that we, as human beings, we are conceived we can do it, represents two large uncertainty: whether the objective of science is to find something in the universe, and it’s all crammed into some pipes with a lot of material to overcome the unknown and our existence, because more of themselves do not know anything, or is the goal to get into the entity from whom are all perceptual came under the laws of nature that we know very little. We who look to the side, we have a much clearer picture of the relative structure of the universe, but they ostrasčenici that, all they could, they want something that institution. The worst is what scientists think they can overcome the Creator-God, who formed and that particle from it all in the Cosmos (manifested part of the universe), with such a powerful energy that is much larger than all the energy of a large galaxy. That’s what scientists do, can, by the way, and see yourself useful. But I will never be able to create what is Creator created. What you do not keep the same to investigate the origin of man, because we are here and we can perform many experiments. Here, we want to know everything about the origin of the universe, a hard one hundred percent, that none of the participants does not know why the planets revolve around its axis, or, more simply, why our moon has curled one half of its surface facing the country. These issues should be addressed first and after that take a “vagabond role in scientific areas”.

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