October 2014 – EGYPT – The Egyptian Minister of Health and Population, Dr. Adel Adawi announced a human case of H5N1 avian influenza (AI) in a 3 month girl from the Giza governorate. The case, according to the Minister, the date of onset of the illness was Monday, 9/22/ 2014, where she was presenting symptoms of fever, sore throat, cough and vomiting. The girl’s parents took her to the Hospital of the Abbasid and she was released three days later. They said the child had exposure to dead birds.
A throat sample was taken and analyzed and confirmed positive for avian influenza virus (A / H5N1). The child was treated with Tamiflu and is reportedly in stable condition. According to the Health Ministry, this is the fourth human H5N1 AI case of 2014. However, the people at FluTrackers point out that this is the fifth case of the bird flu, writing on their site, “We have a record of 4 previous cases. 3 were announced by the Ministry of Health of Egypt and 1 was announced by the Ministry of Health of Beheira governorate: #14 Egypt – Female, 56, hospitalized in critical condition, #15 Egypt – Child, 4, mild condition, #16 Egypt – Female, 86, hospitalized in serious condition and #19 Egypt – Male, 34, hospitalized on ventilator Death.” –Outbreak News
Russia reports first case in two years: Russia has reported the first cases of a highly pathogenic bird flu virus in nearly two years in villages in Southern Russia, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) said on Tuesday. Domestic chickens, geese and ducks were found infected with the H5N1 serotype of the disease on Sept. 1 in two villages in the Altai Krai region near the border with Kazakhstan, the OIE reported on its website, citing data submitted by the Russian ministry of agriculture. Russia’s veterinary service Rosselkhoznadzor was not immediately available to comment. The report to the Paris-based OIE said the previous occurrence of the H5N1 strain in Russia was in December 2012. The H5N1 virus first infected humans in 1997 during a poultry outbreak in Hong Kong.
Since its widespread re-emergence in 2003 and 2004, it spread from Asia to Europe and Africa and has become entrenched in poultry in some countries, resulting in millions of poultry infections, several hundred human cases, and many human deaths. The latest outbreaks in Russia, which lead to the death or culling of 344 birds, were thought to have come from wild birds. “Probably, hunted ducks and geese trophies had been placed in backyards where mortality occurred later in domestic birds,” the farm ministry said in its report. –Reuters